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Rwanda: The Duty of Disobedience? • 2024 • France 5


— Rwanda: The Duty of Disobedience?

Docs and Mags

For the commemorations of the 30th anniversary of the Tutsi genocide

Kigali, April 1994, as the genocide broke out, more than 2,000 Tutsi civilians found refuge on the grounds of the Official Technical School (ETO), base of two platoons of the Belgian para-commando regiment of the United Nations Mission for assistance to Rwanda (UNAMIR). The UN flag and the Blue Helmets prevent the Hutu killers from entering the school grounds.

Four days later, the Belgian peacekeepers received the order to leave the area, accompanied by 147 Western expatriates and escorted by French troops from Operation Amaryllis. They abandoned the Tutsi civilians who were massacred. Fewer than 70 will survive.

Drawing on testimonies from the main protagonists and previously unpublished archives, this documentary recounts the hesitations of the international community. It does not limit itself to a somber observation, but asks an essential question: should we recognize, in the face of a manifestly illegal order, a duty of disobedience?

A 52min documentary for France5
Written by Joël Kotek
Directed by Valérie Inizan
Historical Advisor: Hélène Dumas
Produced by Simone Harari Baulieu and Ted Anspach
Palmyra Films and Effervescence Doc